There is mass illiteracy among women, especially in rural areas. Simon: Population growth does not have a statistically negative effect upon economic growth. Human overpopulation (or particularly human population overshoot) is the state of a human population deemed, by any given argument, becoming or being overcrowded or too large. It was founded in 1972 to educate the American public and political leaders about the devastating effects of overpopulation on our environment, resources and standard of living. We know that from 30 years of careful quantitative scientific studies … For the United States, the country with the largest population of the OECD countries, the pre-tax Gini index was 0.49, and the after-tax Gini index was 0.38, in 2008–2009. Also the potential for population growth in depopulated areas may be a beneficial aspect, as after the thirty-years war. If there was a world economy collapse, would say £2 coins be worth alot more than £10 and £20 paper/plastic notes? Due to globalization, the service sector is now the main driver of Indian economy. Nearly 40 to 50 per cent of the population … The pollution of coastal and marine areas has endangered marine species and commercially important marine flora and fauna. In this, one major disadvantage of zero population growth is somehow coping with, or engineering, a comfortable balance. Figure 5 shows that, only in the referred 20 years, the world goat population (from which there is a register) go from slightly over 600 million head in 1994 to over 1 billion in 2014, 67% rise in just two decades, much higher than the world population growth in the same period, which was about 28.5% . The Problem With A Slow-Growth Economy Although the recession ended two years ago, the economy is still stuck in the mud. Disadvantage: It Increases Aging Dependency. An Ideal society is one that has a replacement level of population increase. In the long run, growth rate is constrained by population growth and also by the rate of technological change. Inflationary growth tends to be unsustainable leading to a damaging period of boom and bust economic cycles. However, population growth puts a strain on finite resources, particularly food, space, healthcare and a clean water supply. Low Quality of Life 7. The number of unproductive consumers is increasing in India. The main advantage of population control seems to be the increase in economic stability and better living conditions, while the most common disadvantages are the difficulty in enforcing such a policy and the lack of success because of this according to a … In the first stage, the birth rate and the death rate are high and the growth rate of population is low. Zambia's predicted population growth is exceptional because fertility rates are not falling as fast as other countries on the continent. First, the disadvantage might be the acquisitiveness, materialism, and dissatisfaction with one’s present state associated with a society’s economic struggles. Still, according to the 1991 Census, the combined percentage of children below 14 years and aged persons above 60 years was 42.5 per cent. Thus rapid population growth has been leading to environmental degradation on a large scale in India. Vast areas of cities have grown into slums and scatter settlements. Low Quality of Life 7. The population of the world, now somewhat in excess of three billion persons, is growing at about two per cent a year, or faster than at any other period in man’s history. Low Per Capita Availability of Essential Articles 4. Effects. Correspondingly, the labour force engaged in agriculture has increased. Urban centers encourage innovation. With the result that per capita net national product has been 1.9 per cent over this period. 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